Coding Information - Octet

An Octet is 8 bits.

It is more commonly referred to as a byte.

A bit can have 2 states, which could represent any of the following types of information:

So by combining 8 of these bits you can represent say

Since a string of 8 bits is a bit cumbersome to write, it is more convenient to represent a byte by 2 hexadecimal numbers.

So 01111110 can be represented by 7E.

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